Iontophoresis Protocol: Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is the most frequently used joint in the body opening and closing 1,500 to 2,000 times a day as it is involved in talking, chewing, swallowing. yawning and snoring.
TMJ dysfunction may occur as a result of isolated TMJ dysfunction, trauma or disease or as a result of disrupt ion in the cervical spine, mandible, maxilla, hyoid bone or shoulder girdle. Because of the extensive array of symptoms possible in the cervical region, cranium, face, dentition, ears and throat. other head, neck and shoulder problems need to be ruled out to determine the exact site of the problem.
The TM joints are synovial and are composed of fibrocartilage which has the capacity to undergo a great deal of remodeling. This will occur throughout life and is dependent on demand. Proper functioning of the TM joint occurs with the condyle translating along the slope of the articular eminence.